Performance of Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana lamk.) Varieties under Two Irrigation Scheduling of Saline Water in Central Gujarat Conditions in India

Main Article Content

L. M. Patil
S. R. Gomkale
S. S. Roy
J. R. Mori
V. K. Kauthale

Abstract

The field experimentation was carried out at Instructional Farm, BAIF Development Research Foundation, Nanodara of Ahmadabad district during 2014 to 2018 with an objective to evaluate the response of the two ber varieties (Seb and Gola) to number of irrigations on the growth and yield of ber crop. It was also intended to understand effect of saline irrigation water on soil status as irrigation water of the study location is slightly saline in nature. The study was conducted in Split Plot Design with six replications. Treatments consisted of two irrigation schedule; normal irrigation at 15 days interval and life saving irrigation at 30 days interval and two varieties (Seb and Gola). Soil and irrigation water of the study location was analyzed using standard procedures for initial and yearly status, respectively.  Two ways ANOVA was carried out using R Studio Statistics Rx 64 software. Significance levels were tested at p≤0.05. The highest plant height (326.87 cm), girth size (60.75 cm), number of secondary branches per plant (7.24), dry leaf biomass per plant (3.96 kg), dry shoot weight per plant (16.65) as well as fruits per plant (337.58), fruit weight (56.96 g), fruit yield per plant (19.43 kg) and fruit yield per ha (5400 kg) were increased significantly with normal irrigation treatment (irrigations at 15 days interval) which was significantly superior over life saving irrigation. In case of varieties, all the parameters of the growth and yield of the crop were maximum for Gola variety compared to Seb. The pH, EC and SAR were comparatively lower in soil under life saving than normal irrigation.

Keywords:
Irrigation, varieties, ber, electrical conductivity, sodium adsorption ratio.

Article Details

How to Cite
Patil, L. M., Gomkale, S. R., Roy, S. S., Mori, J. R., & Kauthale, V. K. (2020). Performance of Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana lamk.) Varieties under Two Irrigation Scheduling of Saline Water in Central Gujarat Conditions in India. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 32(9), 86-92. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2020/v32i930332
Section
Original Research Article

References

Pareek S, Yahia EM. Postharvest biology and technology of ber fruit. In: Horticultural Reviews (Editors: Jules Janick). Published by Wiley. 2013;41:200-240.

Singh A, Yadav RK. Nursery management in fruit crops in saltaffected soils. In book: Nursery management in fruit crops in salt affected soils. Publisher: ICAR-CSSRI, Karnal, Haryana; 2017.

Agrawal R, Gupta S, Gupta NK, Khandelwal SK, Bhargava R. Effect of sodium chloride on gas exchange, antioxidative defense mechanism and ion accumulation in different cultivars of Indian jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana L.). Photosynthetica. 2013;51:95-101.

Walkley AJ, Black IA. An estimation of the digestion method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 1934;37:29-38.

Subbiah BV, Asija GL. A rapid procedure for the determination of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science. 1956;25:259 260.

Olsen SR, Cale CV, Watenable FS, Dean LA. Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate U.S. Dept., Agric. Circ. 1954;939.

Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis- advanced course. 2nd Edition, 11th printing; 1985.

Richards LA. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. USDA Agricultural Handbook No. 60, US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC. 1954;160.

Dhyan Singh, Chhonkar PK, Dwivedi BS. Manual on soil, plant and water analysis. Westville Publishing House, New Delhi. 2005;1-200.

Sharma SK, Mendhe SN, Kolte HS, Rajput GR, Yenpreddiwar MD. Effect of sowing and irrigation management on growth and yield of mustard (Brassica juncea). J. Soil & Crops. 2006;16(2):455-459.

Meghwal PR, Kumar Pradeep. Effect of supplementary irrigation and mulching on vegetative growth, yield and quality of ber Indian J. Hort. 2014;71(4):571-573.

Baloda S, Sehrawat SK, Yadav BS, Ahlawat VP, Singh S. Present status of ber production and future thrusts in India – A review. Agricultural Reviews. 2012;33(3):256-264.

Ibrahim A, Pasternak D, Guimbo ID, Saidou AS, Amadou M. Rain-fed plantations of the domesticated Ziziphus mauritiana L. in the Sahel: Effects of varieties and rootstocks on yield and fruit quality. Journal of Horticultural Research. 2015;23(1):33-38.

Huang CH, Xue X, Wang T, De Mascellis R, Mele G, You QG, Peng F, Tedeschi A. Effects of saline water irrigation on soil properties in northwest China. Environ Earth Sci. 2011;63:701–708.

Askri B, Ahmed AK, Abichou T, Bouhlila R. Effects of shallow water table, salinity and frequency of irrigation water on the date palm water use. J Hydrol. 2014;513:81–90.

Singh AP, Singh A, Tiwari HL, Dwivedi PK. The effect of salts of the hydraulic conductivity of the saline alkali soil. Indian J Sci Res. 2011;4:117–119.